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Peer-Reviewed Library

Mazor Robotics technology has been successfully used in the placement of over 50,000 implants in the United States, Asia and Europe.  Numerous peer-reviewed publications and presentations at leading scientific conferences have validated the accuracy, usability, and clinical advantages of spine surgery with Mazor Robotics technology.

Below is a listing of all published clinical evidence that supports the use of Mazor Robotics technology in spine surgery.  Please visit The National Library of Medicine for complete, full-text articles.


Dreval’ ON, Rynkov IP, Kasparova KA, Bruskin A, Aleksandrovskiĭ V, Zil’bernshteĭn V. Results of using Spine Assist Mazor in surgical treatment of spine disorders. Problems of Neurosurgery Named After N.N. Burdenko. 2014;78(3):14-20.


Onen, Mehmet Resid, Simsek, Mehmet, Naderi, Sait. Robotic Spine Surgery: A Preliminary Report. Turkish Neurosurgery: Volume 24, Number 4, pp 512-518.


Barzilay, Schroeder, Hiller, Singer, Hasharoni, Safran, Liebergall, Itshayek, Kaplan. Robotic assisted vertebral body augmentation – a radiation reduction tool. Spine Journal: 29 October 2013. Web.


Hu, X, Ohnmeiss D. Lieberman,I. What Is the Learning Curve for Robotic-assisted Pedicle Screw Placement in Spine Surgery? Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 19 September 2013. Web.


Roser F, Tatagiba M, Maier G, Spinal Robotics: Current Applications and Future Perspectives. Neurosurgery 2013;72:A12–A18.


Bederman SS, Hahn P, Colin V, Kiester, PD, Bhatia NN, Robotic Guidance for S2-Alar-Iliac Screws in Spinal Deformity Correction. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2013 Epub ahead of print.


Marcus HJ, Cundy TP, Nandi D, Yang GZ, Darzi A, Robot-assisted and fluoroscopy-guided pedicle screw placement: a systematic review. Eur Spine J. 2013 Epub ahead of print.


Hu X, Ohnmeiss D. Lieberman,I. Robotic-assisted pedicle screw placement: lessons learned from the first 102 patients. Eur Spine J 2013;22:661-666.


Ringel F, Stüer C, Reinke A, Preuss A, et al. Accuracy of Robot-Assisted Placement of Lumbar and Sacral Pedicle Screws. Spine 2012;37(8):E496–E501.


Lieberman IH, Hardenbrook MA, Wang JC, Guyer RD, Assessment of Pedicle Screw Placement Accuracy, Procedure Time, and Radiation Exposure Using a Miniature Robotic Guidance System. J Spinal Disord Tech 2012;25:241–248.


Kantelhardt SR, Martinez R, Baerwinkel S, Burger R, Giese A, Rohde V. Perioperative course and accuracy of screw positioning in conventional, open robotic-guided and percutaneous robotic-guided, pedicle screw placement. Eur Spine J. 2011;20(6):860-868.


Devito DP, Kaplan L, Dietl R, Silberstein, et al. Clinical acceptance and accuracy assessment of spinal implants guided with SpineAssist surgical robot: retrospective study. Spine. 2010;35(24):2109-2115.


Schoenmayr R, Kim I-S. Why do I use and recommend the use of navigation? ArgoSpine News & J. 2010;22(4):132-135.


Konovalov NA, Shevelev IN, Kornienko VN, et al. Robotic assistance in spine surgery. Traumatol Orthoped Rus.[Russian language] 2010;2(56);62-63.


Pechlivanis I, Kiriyanthan G, Engelhardt M, et al. Percutaneous placement of pedicle screws in the lumbar spine using a bone mounted miniature robotic system, first experiences and accuracy of screw placement. Spine. 2009;34(4):392–398.


Shoham M, Lieberman IH, Benzel EC, et al. Robotic assisted spinal surgery – from concept to clinical practice. Computer Aided Surgery. 2007;12(2):105–115.


Togawa D, Kayanja MM, Reinhardt MK, et al. Bone-mounted miniature robotic guidance for pedicle screw and translaminar facet screw placement: part 2 – evaluation of system accuracy. Neurosurgery. 2007;60(ONS Suppl 1):ONS129–ONS139.


Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Kayanja MM. Bone-mounted miniature robotic guidance for Pedicle Screw and Translaminar facet screw placement: part I – technical development and a test case result. Neurosurgery. 2006;59(3):641-650.


Joskovicz L, Shamir R, Freiman M, et al. Image-guided system with miniature robot for precise positioning and targeting in keyhole neurosurgery. Computer Aided Surgery. 2006;11( 4):181–193.


Sukovich W, Brink-Danan S, Hardenbrook M. Miniature robotic guidance for pedicle screw placement in posterior spinal fusion: early clinical experience with the SpineAssist. Int J Med Robotics Comput Assist Surg. 2006;2:114–122.


Barzilay Y, Liebergall M, Fridlander A, Knoller N. Miniature robotic guidance for spine surgery – introduction of a novel system and analysis of challenges encountered during the clinical development phase at two spine centres. Int J Med Robotics Comput Assist Surg. 2006;2:146–153.


Shoham, M, Burman, M, Zehavi, E, Joskowicz, L, Batkilin, E, Kunicher Y. Bone mounted miniature robot for surgical procedures: concept and clinical applications. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation. 2003;19(5):893-901.


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